(3-6 years old)
The Penfield Montessori Academy primary environment is comprised of the following work areas: practical life, sensorial, language, mathematics, and cultural work.
Practical life: Among other life skills, children learn how to wash, cook, sweep, plant, and sew.
Sensorial: Children learn through sight, touch, sound, taste, and smell using binomial cubes, geometric shapes, constructive triangles, tasting bottles, and other materials that enable the child to classify, clarify, and comprehend the world.
Language: Children are introduced to vocabulary through spoken language games. They are also introduced to the 26 letters of the English alphabet and their associated sounds. With the help of a movable alphabet, children are able to write words, sentences, and stories. Reading quickly follows with materials that help explore grammar and the structure of language.
Math: Children are taken from the concrete to the abstract through manipulation, experimentation, and invention by using math materials.
Cultural Work: Within the sensorial area of the classroom, Dr. Montessori designed a series of materials and lessons that are now often referred to as the cultural work or cultural extensions. As part of the child’s exploration of sound, primary classrooms have a material known as the bells, consisting of two sets of 13 bells ranging from middle to high C. The geography materials are considered part of the sensorial area of the classroom, as the lessons all begin with a sensorial introduction to the concept being taught.
(6-9 years old)
Our Lower Elementary Program enhances your child’s skills learned in Children’s House and encourages him/her to become more independent. Children learn to research and ask exploratory questions.Teachers introduce new concepts to the class and then guide children through small group or individual projects. Students develop awareness about their own abilities to complete tasks and work on bettering themselves instead of comparing their work to others. These practical life skills can then be carried with them to the Upper Elementary Program, through high school and into adulthood.
(6-9 years old)
Our Upper Elementary takes Lower Elementary students through 4th, 5th and 6th grades and allows children to move through instruction at a pace that supports their mastery of the curriculum. When students are in the Upper Elementary, they are transitioning to more abstract thinking, building on the foundation they formed in Lower Elementary. The Lower Elementary works extensively with the materials, developing breadth and depth of knowledge through their work. The Upper Elementary must also be prepared for the next stage of development, adolescence. Here, their abstraction will lead them to create and use many materials, beyond Montessori manipulatives, and explore the universe beyond the classroom.